The NIMH estimates that in the United States, 16 million adults had at least one major depressive episode in 2012. Having depression is not just having a bad day but so much more. It is something that continues to impact a person’s daily functioning over a period of time. Depression can affect the persons thoughts, behaviors, relationships, employment and so on. There are several types of depressive disorders.
Persistent Depressive disorder (Dysthymia)
Persistent Depressive disorder (Dysthymia) is characterized by a major depressed mood that occurs for most of the days for at least 2 years or at least 1 year in children. It is often described as sad or down in the dumps.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is described as irritability, feeling dissatisfied, anxiety symptoms that occurs repeatedly during the premenstrual phase of the cycle and remit around the onset of the menses or shortly thereafter.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
A depression type that typically happens in the winter months, it usually starts in the Fall and continues throughout the winter months. SAD is sometimes described as the “winter blues” and is
People that suffer from SAD generally experience SAD around the same time each year. They also experience a shift around the same time each year.
Depression can also be experienced by people who struggle with Bipolar, sometimes called Bipolar Depression or Manic Depressive Disorder. People who struggle with Bipolar experience depression along with moments of mania. When they are manic they can feel euphoric and have an elevated mood with an excessive amount of energy and thoughts.
Causes of Depression
The exact root cause of depression has still not been discovered. It may be hard to determine if it was a specific life event or a biological factor. Some factors that may contribute to depression are social, biological and psychological. Families can have a history of depression. This does not mean a person is definitely going to have depression. It can also happen where no family member has a history of depression.
People who struggle with low-self-esteem and have a negative few of themselves tend to have symptoms of depression. Also, people who often feel overwhelmed with stress and have a negative worldview tend to be predisposed to depressive symptoms.
Sometimes live events do trigger depression. Things like loss of a job, a breakup, a death of a loved one can cause grief and loss. Adjustment difficulties can also cause depression. If a person is having a hard time adjusting to a life change or environment depression may occur.
Hormones may also be a factor in understanding the cause of depression. Chemical imbalances can cause the brain and body to respond differently.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
There are many different symptoms of depression and we all deal with the symptoms in different ways. Some people may avoid the feelings of depression by distracting themselves. Others will try to control the depression feelings that have an influence over them. Others are taken over by the symptoms to the point where they become practically paralyzed by them. Some act out in unhealthy ways by abusing drugs or alcohol. The signs and symptoms of depression include the following:
Appetite change, eating too much or too little
Difficulty concentrating on things such as reading, work assignments, being involved with others, watching television
Feeling sad, down, hopeless, powerless, and helpless
Feelings of shame or of not being good enough
Feeling lethargic and having no or low energy
Low sense of self and self-worth
Loss of interest or pleasure
Loss of interest in sex
Psychomotor changes, agitation, pacing, pulling at skin, rubbing hands, slowed speech, increased pauses before answering
Sleep disturbances, sleeping too much or too little
Thoughts that you would rather be dead or possibly hurt yourself in some way if you are experiencing some or all of these symptoms you should definitely see a counselor or a doctor.
Treatments for Depression
Treatment for depression can be helped from several areas. Therapy is one way to treat depression, this is where Flourishing Hope Counseling comes in. Medication treatment, as well as hospitalization and self-help, are other options to consider. In some cases, a combination of medication and counseling can be very helpful in supporting a person address depression concerns. In some severe cases, people are hospitalized to help treat their depression.
We do not prescribe medication. You are encouraged to see your medical doctor, psychiatrist or nurse practitioner in order to receive medication management. If we both decide that it would be an appropriate form of treatment, then we would be happy to refer you to a practitioner.
At Flourishing Hope Counseling we treat depression through talk therapy. We work with you to gain insight and discover skills to make progress. We work with you to explore your thought processes, behaviors, and feelings.